The verbal statements of Prophet Muḥammad (ṣ) and the twelve Imāms of the Ahl al-Bayt. Ḥadīth comes from the Arabic roots “h d th” which means story or narration.

Alongside the Qurʾān, hadīth have an important role in the understanding of Islam and its history, and many sciences have been established studying hadīth from different angles (content, references, etc).